Child Health

Vaccination Schedule

Vaccination Schedule

According to World Health Organization (WHO), Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine.

After decades of research, immunization has now be proven to be a tool for eliminating life-threatening diseases and with the help of government, is made accessible and available at almost no cost to the caregivers in the most remote places in the country.

The vaccination schedule for children and adolescents is regularly updated and so, parents and caregivers and health care providers are expected to adhere strictly to the recommended immunization schedule and the timing of the immunizations as given by the federal government.

According to the Nigerian Ministry of Health, a child is considered fully immunized if he or she has received three doses of DPT (for the prevention against diptheria, pertusis and tetanus), one dose of BCG (vaccination against tuberculosis), one dose of measles vaccines, and at least three doses of polio vaccine. These doses are usually received during the first year of life of the baby.

Immunizations routinely recommended and provided for infants and children in Nigeria include:

  • Hepatitis B
  • Typhoid fever
  • Oral Polio vaccine
  • BCG
  • Pentavalent vaccine
  • OPV
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
  • Rotavirus
  • Meningococcal Conjugate
  • Inactivated polio vaccine
  • Measles
  • Yellow fever
  • Mumps
  • Rubella (MMR)
  • Chickenpox
  • Hepatitis A & B
  • Vitamin A
  • MMR Human papilloma Virus

The table below provided information on the current 2019 vaccination schedule for children in Nigeria.

AGES VACCINES WHAT IT PROTECTS AGAINST
At birth Hepatitis B Hepatitis B
6 weeks

OPV (Oral polio vaccine)

Pentavalent vaccine (5-in-1)

Rotavirus

Pneumococcal conjugate (PCV)

Polio

Diphtheria, Pertussis (whopping cough), Tetanus, HiB (Haemophilus influenza type B) and Hepatitis B

Rotavirus

Pneumonia & Otitis media

10 weeks

OPV

Rotavirus

Pentavalent vaccine

PCV

Polio

Rotavirus

Diphtheria, Pertussis (whopping cough), Tetanus, HiB (Haemophilus influenza type B) and Hepatitis B

Pneumonia & Otitis media

14 weeks

OPV

Pentavalent vaccine

PCV

Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV)

Polio

Diphtheria, Pertussis (whopping cough), Tetanus, HiB (Haemophilus influenza type B) and Hepatitis B

Pneumonia & Otitis media

Polio

6 months Vitamin A Vitamin A deficiency
9 months

Measles

Yellow fever

Measles

Yellow fever

12 months

Meningcoccal conjugate

PCV booster

DPT/DT ap/T dap booster

Vitamin A

Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR)

Chicken pox

Meningitis & Septicaemia

Pneumonia & Otitis media

Diphtheria, Pertussis (whopping cough), Tetanus

Vitamin A deficiency

Measles, Mumps & Rubella (German measles)

Chicken pox

13 months

Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR)

Chicken pox

Measles, Mumps, Rubella (German measles)

Chicken pox

18 months Hepatitis A + B Hepatitis A & B
2 years

Typhoid fever

Hepatitis A + B

Meningococcal

Typhoid fever

Hepatitis A & B

Meningitis & Septicaemia

A vaccination schedule card is given to all care givers at any government facility to monitor vaccinations received by children. With this card, your child can receive his or her vaccination any where in the country at no additional cost.

It is important that your child does not miss any vaccination appointment unless medically advised.

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